Wednesday, January 20, 2010

Development Of Child

Child development refers to the biological and psychological changes that occur in individuals between birth and late adolescence, such as increased measures of dependence to independence. Because of these evolutionary changes may be strongly influenced by genetic factors and events of prenatal life, genetics and prenatal development are affected, usually in the context of the study included the development of the child. Similar concepts include developmental psychology, the development of a full life, and pediatrics, the branch of medicine in the field of childcare. Evolutionary change may be the result of a genetically controlled process of maturation, as we know, or occur because of environmental factors and learning, but most often concerns the interaction between the two.

There are several definitions of time in child development, because each period is continuous with respect for individual differences in the beginning and end.
Several years of development time and associated examples of intervals are defined: infants (children aged 0-1 months), children (Children 1 month - 1 year), children) (for children 1-3 years old Preschool (ages 4 to 6 years) (age of school age children 6-13 years) and adolescents (aged 13-20). [1] However, organizations such as Zero to Three and the Association World for Infant Mental Health use the term Baby as broad categories, including children from birth to 3 years, a logical decision, since the Latin origin of the word refers to children who have no voice.

Optimal development of children is considered vital to society and what is important to understand the social, cognitive, emotional and educational for children. Increased research and interest in this area has led to new theories and strategies, particularly regarding the practices that promote development in the school system. There are also some theories that attempt to make a number of states that describe the development of the child.

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