Wednesday, January 20, 2010

Definition of addiction

Addiction is a dependence on a behavior or substance that does not stop a person. The concept has been partially replaced by the word dependence for substance abuse. Addiction has been extended, but also change mood, behavior or activities. Some researchers speak of two types of addictions: substance addictions (eg alcoholism, drug abuse and smoking) and the process) addictions (eg gambling, shopping, shopping, eating and sexual activity. There is a growing recognition that many addicts are polydrug users, such a function more of a substance or procedure.


We seek the most costly problem for public health in the United States. It is a progressive disease, meaning that the increase in severity over time if left untreated. Addiction is characterized by frequent relapse, or return marked on Drug Abuse. Employees often have multiple attempts to quit before succeeding.

In the year 1995 have exceeded the economic costs of drug abuse in the United States of 414 billion dollars, which caused the cost of health care for drug abuse at more than 114 million estimated.

Were in eighth grade, 52% of youth have used alcohol, 41% have smoked tobacco and snuff, and 20% have smoked marijuana. Compared to women, men are almost four times more likely to smoke than heavy drinkers, nearly one and a half times more likely a pack of cigarettes or more per day, and are twice as likely to smoke marijuana weekly. But among these adolescents gender differences are smaller. Despite the frequent use of tobacco, cocaine and alcohol abuse appears to have remained constant in 1990, increased use of marijuana.

In 1999, approximately four million Americans over 12 prescription painkillers, sedatives and stimulants for non-medical reasons during a month.

In the United States, 25% of the population regularly snuff. Tobacco use kills 2.5 times the reports, how many people each year, such as alcohol and drug combinations. According to 1998 data from the World Health Organization, there were 1.1 billion smokers worldwide and 10,000 deaths each day and snuff. In addition, the United States, 43% of children aged 2-11 years to tobacco smoke in the environment that have been exposed to sudden infant death, low birth weight, asthma, infections middle ear has been implicated pneumonia, cough and respiratory infections.

Eating disorders like anorexia, bulimia and binge eating, affect over five million American women and men. Fifteen percent of young women have significantly attitude toward food and eating disorders. More than 1,000 women die annually from anorexia. A 1997 study at Harvard University showed that about 15.4 million Americans suffer from gambling addiction. More than half of that number (7.9 million) were adolescents.

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